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All You Need to Know About Masonry Planes and Planers

Masonry planes and planers are essential tools for any woodworker, regardless of experience level. From novice DIYers to experienced professionals, these tools can help make simple and complex cuts easier and more accurate. Whether you’re using a masonry plane or a planer, understanding their basic features and benefits can make a big difference in your work.

What is a Masonry Plane?

A masonry plane is a specialized type of hand plane that is primarily used to shape and smooth masonry surfaces, such as stone, brick, and concrete. It is also known as a bricklayer’s plane or a mason’s plane. It generally has a thick steel blade that is sharpened on the ends and sides for accurate cuts and shaping. The blade is held in place by a wooden or metal frame and a handle.

Masonry planes are designed to be used with a mallet or hammer, allowing the user to apply greater force to the blade for more precise cutting. They are great for creating clean, straight edges and are often used in the construction of masonry walls and other structures.

What is a Planer?

A planer is a woodworking tool used for cutting and shaping wood into a desired shape and size. It is a type of hand plane that has a sharp blade attached to a wooden or metal frame. Planers typically have a handle and a depth adjustment knob, which allow the user to control the depth of the cut.

Planers can be used to create intricate patterns and shapes, as well as smooth surfaces. They are commonly used to flatten and shape boards, trim edges, and create bevels. Unlike masonry planes, planers are used with both hands and are not intended to be struck with a mallet.

Benefits of Using Masonry Planes and Planers

Masonry planes and planers can be incredibly useful tools for any woodworker, whether they’re a novice or a professional. Here are just a few of the benefits of using these tools:

  • Accuracy: Masonry planes and planers provide precise control over the shape and size of cuts. This allows the user to make intricate cuts and shapes with ease.
  • Versatility: Both types of planes can be used for a variety of tasks, from creating bevels to smoothing surfaces. This makes them a great all-in-one tool for any woodworking project.
  • Speed: Masonry planes and planers are designed to be used quickly and efficiently. This makes them ideal for tasks that require a lot of cutting and shaping.

How to Use Masonry Planes and Planers

Masonry planes and planers are relatively easy to use, but there are a few important points to keep in mind when working with them. Here are some tips for using these tools safely and effectively:

  • Always wear safety glasses and other protective equipment when using masonry planes and planers.
  • Make sure the blade is sharp and the plane is set to the correct depth before beginning work.
  • When using a masonry plane, always use a mallet or hammer to apply pressure to the blade.
  • Never overwork the blade by pushing too hard or taking too many passes over the same area.
  • Make sure to read the user’s manual and follow all safety instructions before using the tool.


Masonry planes and planers can be invaluable tools for any woodworker. They are versatile, accurate, and easy to use, making them essential for creating intricate cuts and shapes. With the right safety precautions and a little practice, anyone can become a master of masonry planes and planers.